causes in sports and physical education

The causes of lack of physical education vary from country to country. These include a shortage in facilities and equipment, a paucity of physical education teachers, large class sizes, and budgetary constraints.[9] In some African countries such as Botswana and Malawi, where children attend school for a minimal amount of time, the budgets allocated for physical education are instead used to concentrate on subjects such as languages and mathematics.[10]. Something extremely important to take into account is that physical education can be improved outside of school as well. It is important for children to receive a formal physical education in school; however, learning about physical fitness and increasing activity levels becomes easier when they are also educated about health and physical activity at home. In a situation like Botswana and Malawi, this may be the only time that these children will learn about physical activity; therefore, the adults of this community should take physical education into their own hands. They could do this by learning the basics about the recommended physical activity levels for children, and by promoting this for their children and other children of their community.
A lack of physical education also arises from cultural views: in parts of Central America(such as the Bahamas) and Asia (such as Pakistan), exercise is seen as a form of leisure that should not be featured in an academic curriculum.[11] Another example exists in India, where girls are often discouraged from engaging in sports because such activity is viewed as "unfeminine" for them to become muscular.[12]
Moreover, a lack of governmental legislationand intervention can be to blame. In parts of South America (with the exception of Chileand Colombia), there are no laws that make physical education compulsory: thus, it is omitted from many schools.[13]
In other cases, such as in areas of the United States, the mandated physical education hours are simply not met.[14] For example, in 33 states, students are permitted to be exempt from physical education courses by replacing them with other activities such as marching band practices.[15]
Outside of school, children often fail to engage in physical activity due to lack of physical literacy, inadequate sleep, the increasing attractiveness of rival pastimes such as video games, and parents that do not play their part. It is important that parents allow their children the full opportunity to participate in both formal and informal sports and promote healthy healthy physical activity levels. Also, in achievement-oriented populations such as those seen in China, there is an increased emphasis on academic results which also detracts from physical activity time.[16]

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